The Father of Modern Cryotherapy

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Caroline Crain
Jake Alan Gibbons
Tyler Marion


Cryotherapy, Humanities, Treatment


Not available.


1. Cooper SM, Dawber RPR. The history of cryosurgery. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 2001;94(4):196-201.

2. Arnott J. Practical illustrations of the remedial efficacy of a very low or anesthetic temperature. I. In cancer. Lancet. 1850;2:257–259.

3. Bird H. James Arnott, MD (Aberdeen), 1797-1883, a pioneer in refrigeration. Anaesthesia 1949;4: 10-17.